When an area called an election hotspot?
- The area has a history of intense partisan political rivalry.
- There have been politically-motivated incidents and election-related crimes in the past.
- Politically-motivated incidents - those committed before the campaign period starts.
- Election-related crimes - happen during the election period
- Presence of threat groups such as Abu Sayyaf Group, Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters, and private army groups of influential politicians.
- Proliferation of firearms in a certain town, municipality or city.
In identifying areas as election hotspots, the Philippine National Police (PNP) is guided by three categories:
- Category 1 – If the incidents in an area are purely political.
- Category 2 – Towns and cities where there are threat groups.
- Category 3 – Combination of categories 1 and 2.